The alcoholic drinks are high in carbohydrates and calories. The body processes alcohol in the same way it does to fat, so it increase your levels of blood glucose. If you are at a party or dinner and decide to drink alcohol, do so only if your glucose levels in the blood are under control.
The American Diabetes Association recommends one drink per day for women and two drinks for men. The examples of beverages include 5 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer, or 1 ½ ounces of hard liquor like vodka or whiskey. If you take any of them, remember to do with food and check your blood glucose levels.
Consider alternative beverages like soda water and lemon juice or mineral water and lemon if your level of blood sugar is not under control or you might suffer from high blood pressure or may damage the nerve endings due to diabetes.
The presence of alcohol in family and business meetings could jeopardize the control and treatment of diabetes making diabetes and alcohol a dangerous combination for health. Alcohol is metabolized by the body similar to the way in which fats are metabolized, so it is high in calories and can cause your blood sugar levels to rise all of a sudden.
Although alcohol is not fully restricted in the treatment of diabetes, consumption of alcoholic beverages should not be more than two per day, if male and one drink per day if you are a female. Alcohol consumption should be under the consent of your doctor. Before accepting a drink, you have to consider the following;
- The blood sugar levels are under control.
- The blood pressure is stable.
- The triglycerides are healthy.
- There is no damage to the peripheral nerve.
- You are not suffering any pancreatic disease.
- There are no problems with your liver.
- You are not suffering from diabetic retinopathy, cataracts or glaucoma.
- You are not suffering from gastrointestinal complications such as gluten intolerance, irritable bowel or gastroparesis.
Long-Term Effects of the Consumption of Alcohol in Diabetes
Alcohol enters the bloodstream within five minutes after being swallowed. This is because alcohol is not digested. If you take a blood sample, you can register high on your blood sugar levels. Thirty to ninety minutes after taking a swig of alcohol, its level reaches its peak in the bloodstream.
The liver is responsible for much of the degradation of alcohol in the body and the body will need about two hours to process a beer or a cocktail. When consumed faster, it takes time for the liver to process the excess alcohol and enter the bloodstream and brain.
Damage to the Peripheral Nerves
The first reaction of the alcohol in the body during diabetes is to raise the levels of blood glucose. Excessive alcohol can cause episodes of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Both reactions are detrimental to your health and affect your control on diabetes. Alcoholic drinks are empty calories and have no nutritional value. After consumption, they increase appetite and will make you overeat affecting your treatment of diabetes and weight control.